The most significant symptom to be aware of is that 80% of people have a FEVER (Temperature 100.4-103 Degrees F) when infected with Coronavirus COVID-19. Also, dry COUGH, sore throat, and/or difficulty breathing are the next most common.
If you have been in contact with someone confirmed to have Coronavirus COVID-19, you are to initiate self-quarantine at home for 14 days, and immediately contact 911 if emergency, or your doctor if infection is suspected, or your local health department if unsure, for the purpose of determining next best steps. The provider will tell you about what to do, where to go, getting tested, and when you can discontinue self-quarantine.
Produced By: ATL PREVENTION RESEARCH L.L.C.
Origination: 01-31-2020 UTC 17:00 (corresponding to U.S. PHE and WHO declarations)
Last Updated: 03-20-2020 UTC 23:00
The following information is for the U.S. preparedness and response effort for the Coronavirus, AKA virus name “SARS-CoV-2,” AKA disease name “Coronavirus Disease 2019” (AKA COVID-19).
As you know, a global outbreak of a respiratory disease named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) started in China in late 2019. The virus has been detected in more than 100 countries, including the U.S. The situation is rapidly evolving and it is likely we will see more cases across the U.S. Each State has been working with federal and local partners to monitor the situation, develop and expand laboratory testing, educate and raise awareness, and prepare for COVID-19.
On 01-31-2020, the U.S. Health and Human Services declared a public health emergency (PHE) for the United States to aid the nation’s healthcare community in responding to Coronavirus COVID-19. The World Health Organization (WHO) made further declarations, and on 03-11-2020, the WHO labeled this Coronavirus outbreak a Global Pandemic. Today, the overall threat to the general public in the U.S. remains low. Nevertheless, the U.S. Government is handling and mitigating this emerging threat to public health with an abundance of caution. This is a rapidly evolving situation, for the latest information frequently visit the CDC websites provided below.
SIMPLE PREVENTION METHODS:
Avoid people that are coughing and avoid touching your face, nose, mouth, and eyes while away from your home. Avoid unnecessary crowds, large group interactions, and foreign travel, (especially if you are 60 or older or have a weakened immune system). Avoid touching high-touch surfaces in public places: elevator buttons, door handles, handrails, handshaking with people, etc. Use a tissue or your sleeve to cover your hand or finger if you must touch a high-touch surface in public. Wash hands frequently and, keep your home environment clean.
CLEANING AND DISINFECTION:
For disinfection, alcohol solutions with at least 70% alcohol, and most common EPA-registered household disinfectants should be effective. Diluted household bleach solutions are effective, and prepared by mixing:
LEARN MORE FROM THESE IMPORTANT INFORMATION SOURCES:
The CDC (one page) fact-sheet of what the public needs to know about COVID-19 is here:
Check for outbreak updates here:
Cleaning and Disinfection:
An N95 face mask only works when you fit it on your face properly and exercise additional precautions. Experts recommend wearing a mask if you have respiratory symptoms like coughing or sneezing, (to protect others), or if you are caring for someone with the Coronavirus, including home and health facilities. Watch the 3M fitting video to the left, and CDC YouTube video below for details.
All businesses and private citizens should have appropriate information on what individuals can do to protect themselves, plan ahead and stay informed.
1. How dangerous is the Coronavirus?
2. Am I infected?
Uncomplicated (mild) Illness: Patients have symptoms of an upper respiratory tract viral infection, including mild fever, cough (dry), sore throat, nasal congestion, malaise, headache, muscle pain, or malaise.
Young Children: Generally experience milder symptoms of fever, runny nose, and cough.
Moderate Pneumonia: Respiratory symptoms such as cough and shortness of breath are present (related to inflammation and congestion in the lungs).
Severe Pneumonia: Fever is associated severe shortness of breath and respiratory distress, and low blood Oxygen (SpO2 < 90% on room air).
Critical Illness: For example, patients require a respirator (due to swelling/edema, fluids, infiltrates, or ARDS related respiratory failure), septic shock, damage to multiple organs, or exacerbation of other coexisting diseases.
3. How does Coronavirus spread?
4. How should I prepare for the Coronavirus?
Face mask - Generally not needed, but follow your local public health recommendations for personal protective equipment usage. An N95 face mask only works when you fit it on your face properly and exercise additional precautions. Experts recommend wearing a mask if you have respiratory symptoms like coughing or sneezing, (to protect others), or if you are caring for someone with the Coronavirus, including home and health facilities. Watch the 3M fitting video and CDC YouTube videos above below for further details.
Hygiene - All people need to implement good hygiene practices to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other respiratory diseases. These good practices include:
1. Stay home if you are sick, and advise others to do the same.
2. Always cover coughs or sneezes with a tissue or sleeve.
3. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
4. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
5. Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 70% alcohol if soap and warm water are not available.
6. Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces (computers, keyboards, desks, etc.).
Travel - Review travel advisories from the federal government when planning personal and business travel. Review for destinations with risk of community spread of COVID-19 here: https://www.cdc.gov/travel.
5. Is this outbreak seasonal?
Sunlight (UVR) kills the Coronavirus, however, no sources have provided predictions as to whether the spread will decrease during the summer months (e.g. it is hot in Iran and yet, they are experiencing a severe epidemic).
Community spread of COVID-19 could impact routines and daily operations for many businesses. Employers and employees should implement the CDC Guidance to prevent the spread of the disease and impacts as follows:
1. Prevent the Spread, follow this CDC guidance here:
Consider creating a safety and response plan.
2. Identify work-related exposure and health risks to employees. Employees must try to be compliant and helpful.
3. Stay aware of cleanliness and staffing practices, to insure that they are consistent with public health recommendations. This may include flexible worksites or hours to increase physical distance between employees.
4. Employers should identify essential business functions, and alternatives that will enable them to maintain operations during interruptions to supply chains or if increased absenteeism occurs.
5. Always share accurate information about the Coronavirus and how it spreads. It is important to remember that stigma and discrimination occur when people associate an infectious disease, such as COVID-19, with a population or nationality.
6. According to the CDC, it’s not too late to get your flu shot!
NOTE: While the influenza vaccine does not protect against COVID-19 infection, it can help keep you healthy during the flu season.
Numerous capabilities are being brought to bear at both the Federal and State level. Featured national actions include the CDC establishing a COVID-19 Incident Management System on January 7, 2020. The CDC also activated its Emergency Operations Center, issued its Health Alert Network, and is informing infection control and guidance to better provide ongoing support to the overall COVID-19 response. Numerous travel restrictions and monitoring are in effect for at least the next 30 days. Among other actions, in every State the following has occurred or will occur:
1. The State Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) activated the Community Health Emergency Coordination Center (CHECC) to support state and local response.
2. The Governor activated the State Emergency Operations Center (SEOC) to coordinate state government resources.
3. The Governor announced the creation of at least four core task forces to combat the spread of Coronavirus and assess the impact it may have on day-to-day lives.
4. The national stockpile capabilities are ready for deployment.
5. Pharmaceutical companies and researchers nationwide are evaluating the virus, cases, and vaccinations among other treatments and therapy methods.
6. Manufacturers have agreed to increase production of N95 masks, cleaning and disinfectants, and relevant PPE.
The Government’s Framework to mitigate COVID-19 is here:
Information on the tracking of cases per State is available here:
(Scroll halfway down the page, and expand the “States” section + bar)
(03-09-2020) Aerosol and surface stability of HCoV-19 (SARS-CoV-2) compared to SARS-CoV-1 PDF
A copy of the Research PDF is available for download below.
This PDF is a US Government work. It is not subject to copyright under 17 USC 105.